The mobile platform Android is developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance. In the current market share android powers 9 out of 10 every smartphones.
The first commercial version of the Android mobile operating system began with the release of Android alpha on November 5, 2007.
The initial journey of Android started with version Android 1.0, and it was in September 2008.
Below you’ll find the history of Android mobile OS including Android version and names along with their features
Here is the list of all Android Versions and Names
1.Android 1.0 and 1.1: Alpha and Beta.
There is appears to be a no code name assigned to versions 1.0 and 1.1 of the Android OS.Google bought this company called Android, back in July 2005. Android is headed in more mobile big shots, with the previous head of big carrier, ex-owner of a telephone maker. After that when it is to bought, the android went into the stealth mode.
The first update of an Android version is 1.1 was released in the February 2009. However, that the first significant version of Android OS that was really showcased the power of platform it was V1.5, codenamed “Cupcake.”
Cupcake it starts with the letter ”c”, many have to be suspected that 1.0 a codename starting is with letter “A” is Alpha and 1.1 starting with letter “B” also called Beta.
2.Android 1.5: Cupcake
Technically there is a version android 1.5 it wasn’t the first version, but the version before it doesn’t seem to be received by codenames. Stories were told that it was to be supposed a version of 1.2. The company codenamed is the version “cupcake”.
3.Android 1.6: Donut
Android version V1.6, the codenamed is “Donut,” was released on the September 2009. A donut is a small ring-shaped friedcake. The ring is made of rich and light. Various sweets coating can also to be added.
4.Android 2.0 and 2.1: Eclair
android 2.0 was released in the October 2009, with the bug fix version (2.0.1) coming out in December 2009. Android Version 2.1 was released in January 2010. Most of the people consider them
into a single release.
5.Android 2.2: Froyo
6.Android 2.3, 2.4: Gingerbread
On officially released on December 6th, 2010, Google formally announced the first phone with Android OS 2.3 Gingerbread. The phone was Nexus S, which was Google co-developed with Samsung.
The Gingerbread to it supports the SIP internet calling, NFC wireless transaction capability, and more than one camera and gyroscopes. It can also feature download manager.
7.Android 3.0, 3.1, and 3.2: Honeycomb
Honeycomb was released in February 2011 was rapidly followed by the 3.1 and 3.2 in the July and August of 2011.
Honeycomb was made to the tablets, which is implied by Android OS 2.X. That didn’t stop the Samsung and few of the smaller manufacturers from out of an army of the Android 2.X tablets are various sizes before at the end of 2010. Motorola Xoom was the first Android 3.X tablet to be released.
8.Android 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich
Ice Cream Sandwich was Google’s attempt to synthesize Honeycomb; it is the only tablet platform, with its mobile platform. Released on the October 2011, it featured with the new design and default font, well as the capability to monitor the limit of the mobile data usage.
9.Android 4.1: Jelly Bean
The Jelly Bean came out in the year 2012. The Biggest changes included “Google Now,” The AI assistant of that anticipates your needs and better and it has more than the interactive notifications. It also allows “voice typing” and a built Text-to-speech to help and works without an internet connection.
10.Android 4.4: KitKat
The Google announced Android 4.4 and be named by KitKat on September 3, 2013. The Kit Kat’s parent company Nestle was is fully on board with the naming OS and launched advertising the campaign during the Kit Kat’s release. As a part of the campaign, especially to the marked packages the KitKat version with that Andy to the Green android package each contained sweepstakes code that would help to win Nexus 7 or Google play store credit.
KitKat took “ok google” from Google. This allows you to use your phone without touching the phone, just by saying words or phrases it can function.
11.Android 5.X: Lollipop
The Android 5.0 is called “Lollipop”, And it featured a brand new runtime called ART that is no longer relies upon DALVIK runtime. Lollipop is also to contain the UI improvements and Good battery backup on some devices.
12.Android 6.X: Marshmallow
The Android 6.0 Marshmallow is already out on the Nexus devices and it is believed to be a coming soon to flagship devices on or before at the end of the year.
Marshmallow is introduced the several changes that can have a significant impact. The App permission of the model. Doze mode to allow the device to go into the hibernation when it is idle, the cutting power consumption to virtual nil. Fingerprint sensor support is now baked into OS rather to the vendor support.
13. Android 7.0 Nougat
Android 7.0 Nougat versions in the latest version of the android mobiles which will be released in the month of August 2016. If you are really want to know full details of android Nougat then you visit on Wikipedia to know more about this the version.
14. Android 8.0 Oreo
Google has not confirmed the name of android 8 (Latest Android). But after to watching Hiroshi Lockheimer twitter profile and I got he is the indicating to the name of Android 8 will be Oreo.
15. Android 9.0 Pie
Pie was announced in Mar 2018 and this is the 9th major version of Android
Most of the people were enjoying 9.0 features and it flavors in pixel phones
Some of the features of Android 9.0 are
- You can see some new user interface for the quick settings menu
- In Android 9, The clock has moved from notification bar to the left side
- Now the “dock” has a semi-transparent background.
- Now you can take a “screenshot” by using the power button.
- A new “Lockdown” mode has been introduced which disables the biometric authentication activated
- You can see some rounded corners across the UI
- Redesigned of the volume slider