Cloud computing continues to transform the way organizations use, store, manage, application, and workloads. The trend of cloud computing is rapidly increasing that has a massive technology connection with Utility Computing, Grid Computing, and Distributed Computing. The mega cloud service providers such as Amazon IBM, Google’s Application, etc. facilitate the users in developing applications and to access them from remote places. Cloud data is stored and accessed in a remote server with the help and efforts of the services rendered by cloud service providers.
The security of cloud data has been a concern for many years. Providing security can be a major hurdle as the data being transmitted to the remote server online over internet, which exposes it to numerous vulnerabilities. If security measures are not provided properly for data operations and transmissions, then the data is at high risk.
Adoption of Cloud Computing:
The adoption of cloud computing has been on an inclined since 2008, when a survey carried out by Pew Research Institute indicated that cloud services were used by around 69% of Americans. Ever since then, this segment has made massive strides in growth. In 2017, IDC predicted that the cloud computing market was worth $107 billion and, according to Gartner, by 2020 a corporate no cloud policy will be as unusual as a no-internet policy would be today.
As the use of cloud computing was mounting, so was the associated risk with it. Mid-way through 2017, there had been 456 data breaches recorded worldwide according to the report published by Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC). This institute also observed a 40% increase in data breaches in 2016 in comparison to the previous year. Despite all these breaches, organizations continue to invest in the segment of cloud computing because of the endless benefits attached to it.
As we are moving into an internet based cloud model, it demands great emphasize on data security and privacy. The data loss incidents have proven to be poisonous for the wellbeing of the organizations. It hampers their reputation, employee engagement, customer focus, and customer loyalty. Once the customer gets to know about the breach of information confidentiality, then he loses the trust on the firm, and gives the business a severe loss. Therefore, data leak prevention is considered as the most important factor when it comes to the security protocols associated with the cloud based information management.
Models of Cloud Computing:
The main channels and models of cloud computing are Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). In SaaS, there services are rendered by typical service providers and users avail these services to run applications on cloud infrastructure. These applications are available and can be accessed through web browsers. PaaS is a new way to rent operating systems, hardware, storage, and network capacity over the internet. In IaaS, the user is provided with liberty to control the process, manage storage, network, and other fundamental computing resources which can be extremely helpful to manage arbitrary software.
Cloud Computing a Solution to Cyber Threats:
The dynamic nature of cloud services breaks the traditional security model used for onsite software. They have a consensus among marketing gurus that number of cyber attacks can never be brought down to “Zero 0”. However, there are numerous ways service providers can adapt to ensure maximum security protocols. Here are few tips on how cloud developers can ensure the security of their cloud-based solutions.
Strict & Strong Authentication
The most common way to access accounts and data is hacking passwords. Thus, cloud developers should make sure that they implement rigorous and strong credentials to access the valuable data. Experts recommend using multi-factor authentication format to have an extra layer of protection. There are different tools that need both static and dynamic passwords.
It has been observed that cloud developers assign role-based permissions to different administrators so that the users only have the capabilities assigned to them. This has proved to be instrumental in securing cloud network. Cloud orchestration should enable priority users to establish the scope of other users’ permissions according to the different roles to them by their organizations.
Valuable Data Protection
The rule of thumb in the modern day digital cloud based market is to encrypt data at all stages of its transfer and storage. These stages are when they are at the source, in transit, or at rest.
It is crucial to encrypt data even before it goes to the cloud. The current era encryption and tokenization technologies are a might effective defense against account hijacking. Moreover, it is fundamentally important to prove end-to-end encryption for the sake of data protection in case of a cyber attack. The use of strong encryption algorithms that contain salt and hashes have done marvelously well in countering cyber attacks.
Developers should make sure that clients access the application only via secure APIs. This can be carried out by restricting the range of IP addresses or providing access only through corporate networks or VPNs. You can implement security protection by the extensive use of API special scripts, template, and recipes.
Securing Cloud Services
Limiting access to cloud services is proving to be a successful attempt in restricting unauthorized access. When designing cloud service architecture, it is vital to minimize event handler permissions to only small number of people.
The Bottom Line
Cloud computing technologies provide a shared pool of computing resources over the internet at any time from any place. This tool has helped many individuals and businesses improve their efficiency, while reducing significantly the cost incurred on IT related issues. Cloud computing is countering the wide variety of cyber attacks launched on them by coming up with various magnificent and effective options.